Current Research Papers of ARJBM - Volume : 5 and Issue : 1

Socio-Economic Overview of Agricultural Situation in Nigeria- What Next?

L. O. Ogunsumi, F. T. Ogunsumi and B. F. Fato

The paper on socio-economic overview of Agricultural development situation in Nigeria and what next:  was a review of the past Agricultural Development Programme over time: post independent era to date. The analysis focused on the objectives of various projects achievements if any, constraints, failures and identified causes.

It was realised that all the programmes and projects were intended to improve the wellbeing of the farming communities in particular and the nation at large as well as encouraging more people into agricultural ventures. They all tend to improve production techniques, eventually increase productivity to feed ever increasing population and be self-sufficient in food production.

It was discovered that not one could be identified as having fulfilled mission. The general colossal waste of resources were the experiences ever since, the reasons include non-focus , selfishness, poor and terrible choice of project implementation team members ,wrong choice of beneficiaries and diversion of projects funds other than to which they were planned for.

The policy issue should seriously ensure the development and formulation of strong agricultural rolling plans that all tiers of governments in power in material of political party or timing should build upon.

Every programme should be built within the set up rolling plans under laid by the set down principles in order to ensure continuity.

It is also recommended that a follow up and periodic project/programme evaluation and appraisal should be carried out by the right and experience body.

Constructive Deviance: A Work Family Enrichment Perspective

Nasreen Khan

Work family enrichment and constructive deviance when studied distinctly are found to be contributing towards organizational effectiveness. Research gap identified indicates a dearth of empirical studies that may help in establishing any link between them. The researcher attempts to explore if work family enrichment can result in constructive deviance. By reviewing extant literature pertaining to both the constructs, researcher identified possible linkages.  Many of antecedents and consequences reported for both the constructs when studied separately have been found to be the same. The purpose of this research is twofold, firstly, to develop theoretical foundation that may support the work family enrichment perspective of constructive deviance. Secondly, proposing possible mechanism that provides reasoning to the perspective. In the absence of empirical evidences, review of related literature served as the bases for the propositions made. Work family enrichment perspective of constructive deviance is discussed with the help of felt obligation and psychological empowerment mechanism. This study is significant considering the resulting positive outcomes for employees and organizations.  Exploring the linkage can be a valuable contribution to the development of conceptual understanding of work family enrichment and constructive deviance. Future empirical investigations may help in substantiating the proposed mechanism.

An Assessment of Pricing of Minerals among Artisanal and Small Scale Miners in Tanzania

A. G. Tegambwage and P. Benard

The implementation of the 1985 structural adjustment programs in Tanzania caused many sectors of the economy including mining to be privatized. Peasants flocked to the mines in numbers as artisanal and small scale miners (ASMs). As time passed, complaints emerged that, ASMs were selling their minerals through dealers, who were paying them low prices relative to market prices. This study was conducted to assess the pricing of minerals among ASMs. Using a qualitative approach, data were collected by interviews and focus group discussions. Findings have revealed that ASMs did not have a command on the prices of their minerals. As such, their pricing objective was survival and their pricing strategy was going rate pricing. The study recommends that the government should assist ASMs to conduct formal mining activities in order to improve their access to information, capital, formal markets and better prices.

The Effect of Organizational Culture on Enhancing the Creativity of Employees Case study of Sepah Bank of Ardebil Province

Nategheh shahbazzadeh

The aim of this study is to examine the effect of organizational culture on the creativity of employees at Sepah Bank of Ardabil Province. The statistical population of this research includes all employees of Sepah Bank of Ardebil, which consists of 261 people. The sample size of this study is 152 people according to the size of society and using the Morgan table. Finally, 152 questionnaires were analyzed. The reliability and validity of the instrument are measured using Cronbach's alpha. This value for organizational culture questionnaire was 0.884 and for organizational creativity questionnaire was 0.871, and therefore the reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed. To analyze the data of this study, correlation and regression tests were used and for testing hypotheses, the t-two samples and analysis of variance were used. The results of the study showed that there is a significant correlation between organizational culture (organizational structure, organizational learning, market orientation) and organizational creativity.

Relationship between Employee Retention and Customer Satisfaction in The Tanzanian Banking Industry

A. G. Tegambwage and L. Mwakasitu

Although the long-term success of a business firm depends upon employees and customers, controversies still exist with regard to a relationship between employee retention and customer satisfaction. Some researchers claim that there is a relationship between employee retention and customer satisfaction while others argue that there is no relationship between the two variables. An understanding of this relationship would enable business firms to design and implement appropriate strategies for employees and customers that will benefit the firms. To this end, this study investigated the relationship between employee retention and customer satisfaction in Tanzanian banking industry. Explanatory cross-section survey design was employed. Data was collected using questionnaire survey whereby 117 respondents from one famous bank were involved in the study. 97 respondents were Bank customers and 20 were Bank employees. Correlation analysis was employed to examine the relationship between employee retention and customer satisfaction. Findings have revealed a significant moderate positive relationship between employee retention and customer satisfaction. Thus, banks should invest much in employee retention programmes such as creating a conducive working environment, offering attractive remuneration packages, and training and development of employees so as to satisfy and retain employees and in turn satisfy customers.

Selected Recourses of Manager Status in the Legal Framework of the Slovak Republic and the European Union

Daniel Lajčin, Gabriela Gabrhelová, Ferdinand Korn

In the article, the authors dispute about the psychological, historical, social, legal, moral, philosophical or sociological aspects which have created the status of the manager, both in a narrowing view in terms of the position of the manager as a complex of psychological and social givenness and as a subject of natural rights and freedoms and also in an extensive view perceiving the manager as a part of a dynamic wholeness, which the economy and economy of society state as well as globalization trends of the present is. In the presented article, objective and subjective factors are denoted to the demonstrative calculation, acting as sources of a content definition of the term "manager", with the transfer of selected outputs into the institutes of objective law, by which the state governs social relations and in which the personality of the manager acts as a subject of legal relationships.

“Data Mining” or How to Make Figures Speak The Case of Spectramap

Ward Roofthooft, Ph.D.

Figures, graphs, and maps may be useful for a better or easier understanding of the written word. It is often necessary to practice “data mining” in order to bring the underlying relevance of data to an intelligible graphic expression.

SPECTRAMAP is an analytical algorithm that has shown to be an effective tool to make “figures speak” via data mining. This article describes how SPECTRAMAP revealed highly useful strategic hypotheses in a case of overload of data (positioning a product) as well as in a case of scantiness of data (choosing the best approach for the promotion of trade among developing countries).

A Study on Loss making Indian Aviation Industry

Kriti Joshi and N. S Rao

The Indian Aviation Industry is currently one of the fastest growing aviation industries in the world. Indian aviation industry promises huge growth potential due to large and growing middle class population, favourable demographics, rapid economic growth, higher disposable incomes, rising aspirations of the middle class, and overall low penetration levels, despite all this factors India’s aviation industry has consistently been in the news for huge losses. During the financial year 2012-13, the whole industry reported a loss of over Rs. 5,840 crores (Business Standard, 2014)[1]. In 2014-15 Air India alone posted net loss of Rs. 5,547 crores, indicating a deteriorating state of the industry (Financial Express, 2015)[2]. The paper highlights the reasons behind Indian airlines suffering from losses, and initiative taken by the government in this sector in the end paper concludes by giving some suggestions to improve the financial health of Indian airlines.