Research Papers of ARJBM


Volume : 1 | Issue : 3

Page Number:

Factors affecting supplier performance in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Kirinyaga County, Kenya

Lawrence Kabuthi Kabinga
DOI Number :      Page number :1-16

This study focused on the factors affecting supplier performance in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Kirinyaga County, Kenya. The factors affecting supplier performance included supplier selection, supplier relationship and supplier evaluation. Literature review was well constructed to bring a good understanding of the study by use of available literature materials. The researcher used descriptive research design which primarily shows the state of affairs as it exists at the present and stratified random sampling to group the businesses into homogeneous entities. A random sample was then drawn from the each group. Questionnaire with both open and closed items were used to obtain data. Data were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences software (SPSS). To ensure reliability and validity, questionnaires were pre tested on seven respondents in the (MSEs) not in the study area. To establish the reliability of the study; Cronbach’s alpha was computed and yielded an alpha of .8350. The results of the pilot study revealed that the research instrument was reliable and possess both content and face validity. Multiple regression model was used analyse the data collected by use of mean, Standard deviation, variance, R Square, Adjusted R2, Standard Error (SE), P value and t-Statistic to ascertain the relationship between factors affecting supplier performance and supplier performance in (SMEs). The findings from the study confirmed the relationship between factors affecting supplier performance and supplier performance yielding moderate regression coefficient (Supplier selection practices at 5 percent significance level was 0.134, supplier performance criteria was 0.53, supplier relationship was 0.39 and supplier evaluation was 0.61, indicating a moderately positive correlation between the variables. Therefore the study established the existence of a strong positive relationship between supplier selection, supplier performance criteria, supplier relationship, and supplier evaluation and supplier performance. Finally the researcher made several practical, social, political and research recommendations which will help improve
supplier performance and overall organization performance thus gaining competitive advantage.

Validity of Marshal Lerner Hypothesis: An Empirical Study on Malaysia-United States Trade Balance

HarWai-Mun, Lee Teck-Heang, Chew Kah-Mun, GohHuei-Shan
DOI Number :      Page number :17-25

The Marshall-Lerner theorem claimed that when a currency is depreciated or devalued, trade balance will improve if sum of price elasticity of exports and imports in absolute term is more than one. The study aims to investigate the validity of the Marshall- Lerner theorem between Malaysia and the United States (US) based on the following three specific objectives: (i) to investigate the relationship of domestic Gross Domestic Product (GDP), foreign (US) GDP and trade balance between Malaysia and the United States; (ii) to study the relationship between trade and exchange rate whether there is a positive or negative relationship between the two variables, hence validating the existence of the Marshall – Lerner condition in Malaysia. The results of the study showed an insignificant relationship between RER and TB. This implies the Marshall-Lerner condition does not hold in Malaysia. The study also revealed that domestic GDP (Y) is a significant variable with its expected negative relationship with trade balance. This indicates a significant relationship between domestic income and TB in Malaysia.

Organizational Systems Type Leadership by Systematic Management

Dr. Nasser Fegh-hi Farahmand
DOI Number :      Page number :

There has been a longstanding bifurcation between the two with emotions labeled in
pejorative terms and devalued in matters concerning the workplace. The form and structure of an organization's human resources system can affect  mployee motivation levels in several ways. Organizations can adopt various systems type leadership humanistic approach empowerment practices to enhance employee satisfaction. This paper considers the systematic management. The strategic importance of workers is discussed and their interaction, as an asset, with other important organization assets. The basic methodologies for workers are then explained and their limitations are considered. The systems type leadership revolution moves recording and analysis activities that were traditionally professional performance lines of activities focused to high operational content. The scientific and systems type leadership progress, growth and internationalization of markets, processors are processes in which the accounting profession plays a leading role of systematic management.